Oxford Report Methodology
July 13, 2018
Standard economic impact assessments calculate the flow of economic activity across the following three channels:
- Direct: Measures the economic footprint of Charter’s operations and activities at both the national and state level.
- Indirect: Calculates the economic activity that occurs as Charter buys goods and services from its suppliers. A company’s “supply-chain” is the network of businesses that the company buys good and services from to be able to produce and bring to market its products. In Charter’s case, this means a diverse range of companies providing everything from programming content to electricity and the equipment it needs to broadcast.
- Induced: This is commonly called the “multiplier effect”. It measures the economic impact that results as the employees of Charter as well as those of its suppliers spend their wages and earnings throughout the broader economy.
For each of the three channels (above), we calculate the following metrics:
- GDP: This is a measure of economic activity measured as the total “value-added” contribution to Gross Domestic Product (national or state).
- Employment: This is a jobs calculation measured in terms of headcount.
- Income: The compensation paid to workers, and self-employment income.
- Taxes: Gross tax receipts paid at federal, state and local levels.